On the Rise of the Machines

In a thoughtful essay in The Guardian, Stephen Hawking argues that scientists, as much as any other individual operating within the sphere of “the elites” as variously understood, need to attend to the rise of populism in the recent elections in the United Kingdom and the United States.

The concerns underlying these votes about the economic consequences of globalisation and accelerating technological change are absolutely understandable. The automation of factories has already decimated jobs in traditional manufacturing, and the rise of artificial intelligence is likely to extend this job destruction deep into the middle classes, with only the most caring, creative or supervisory roles remaining.

This in turn will accelerate the already widening economic inequality around the world. The internet and the platforms that it makes possible allow very small groups of individuals to make enormous profits while employing very few people. This is inevitable, it is progress, but it is also socially destructive.

His answer: the elites need to be more humble. Really? I don’t know if I’m one of those elites or not. I suspect many would put me in there because I’m an academic, but I look at my paycheck and the declining possibility of retirement, and I don’t feel very elite. One thing I do feel is that it is not, not, the responsibility of scholars and scientists that their expertise has been undermined. I think that moment has to be laid at the doorstep of industry which is always happy to have science when it makes them money, but when it suggests that paradigms shifts are required, prefer the status quo.

Lessig in Louisiana

For those readers looking for the original version of this note: the revision captures my thinking after having more time to digest. If there’s anything in the earlier version to which you particularly want access, email me and I’ll send you a copy.

Today’s talk by Lawrence Lessig at the ABiz 50 luncheon was interesting, and by interesting I mean I haven’t quite figured out what to make of it.

I should begin by thanking the ABiz people for allowing me to attend the talk for free: tickets were $50 a plate, and while I dithered over spending that kind of money, the event sold out. Robin Hebert of ABiz set up a will call ticket for me to sit in the peanut gallery.

I got to the Cajundome Convention Center early, to ensure my place, but I need not have worried: I was one of only 4 people who ended up occupying the 20 chairs set out. It seemed odd to me not to see any press there: the ABiz luncheon, from a brief glance at the seating charts they had posted at the entrances to the ballroom was something of a who’s who in the Lafayette business community. (And given some of the striking things that got said, it seems to me it would have been rich pickings for headlines and pre-commercial break teasers. But what do I know about modern media?) One of my compatriots nodded at an empty table, and wondered why we couldn’t sit there. I didn’t feel like incurring the wrath of the organizers, but it was odd to watch the empty table get served food throughout the luncheon. (This bit of needless classism, whether it was intended or not, was also reflected in the two separate entrances for the event: one for CEOs and VIPs, and one for everybody else. Really? 250 people and you need to segregate folks? Lafayette ain’t that big: what is with our love of being big fish in a small pond?)

I confess to largely being ignorant about ABiz, but it was am impressive crowd. If my math is correct, there were at least 250 people in that room. Good for them. The program got started around 12:30 with two awards for local businesses that had achieved some measure of success that I didn’t quite catch. And then, then it got weird. The emcee then introduced a third person who was to speak just before Lessig, the superintendent of the local school system. (Quick sidenote here: the local superintendent is facing an investigation instigated by a subset of the school board, who have so far been unwilling to reveal what they want investigated or why.) The superintendent appears well liked by the business community, and he made a pitch for moving forward no matter the distractions.

But here’s where it got weird. The superintendent went out of his way to note that while the children of those present in the room may not attend public schools, 80 percent of the people in the city did/do attend public schools. And they need to be trained to be ready to join the workforce. He didn’t say anything about turning out the next generation of leaders or innovators. He talked about workers. What it felt like he said was Listen, your kids don’t go to the prole schools, but they are going to have to mix with the proles, because, you know, they’re out there, and the proles need jobs, so we need to attend to this prole education business.

It was weird. And unnecessary. But yet he clearly felt like that’s how you had to frame public education to Lafayette’s business community, or, perhaps even the community’s business elite. And that was kind of the setup for Lessig, and, in a strange way, it was kind of the right setup. Lessig’s focus, as many will know, is on the corrupting influence of money on the American political system. His argument is that the private funding of public campaigns has created a system in which politicians spend more time raising money than they do governing. That’s not good.

But the way Lessig began the talk was with a brief history of voting rights for African Americans, ending with the particular Texan innovation of creating a whites-only primary followed by an open general election. He had a terrific quotation from another scandalous moment in American history, the Tammany Hall scandal, where William Tweed was once heard to say: “I don’t care who does the voting so long as I get to do the nominating.” Lessig’s observation is that we now live in a green-only nominating system, green of course being the color of money.

But I don’t know that his audience was fully over the comparison to African Americans. It didn’t seem to sit well in the room — from my vantage point, I only saw one African American attending the luncheon, every other African American in the room was Cajundome staff manning gear or catering staff serving meals. Awkward. And it didn’t get better as he brought his history up through the civil rights era: when he flashed the photos of protesters, all I could think was were people in the room seeing brave souls seeking justice or Ferguson?

To my mind, Ferguson weighed more heavily in the room than anyone would want to admit. The scenes of disorder, no matter their causes, are not something the establishment in Lafayette wants to think too much about. And I don’t know that it’s really a matter of race so much as class (and goodness how those two things are intertwined). The school superintendent argued for workers: he argued for the status quo. Lessig’s talk hedged at potential change. There was polite applause at the end, but that was all.

There was no question and answer period, which may be a function of the limited time allotted for a luncheon, but there was a book signing. I grabbed a copy of the book — $18! for a paperback! — and didn’t have to wait long to get the book signed: people were not lining up to talk with Lessig at all, and, to be honest, he didn’t appear interested in talking with people. I introduced myself, and I got a polite nod. I added, “We corresponded by email.” No response. I added that I’d like the book inscribed for my daughter, who was ten years old — Lessig had ended his talk by referencing his own children, one of whom is also ten — and hoped for a human connection. Blank look.

Maybe he was tired. Maybe the talk’s reception had put him off. Maybe the weirdness with the school superintendent, or something said at his table, disquieted, or quieted, him. I don’t know. Maybe his celebrity status has changed the way he interacts with people: maybe people like me are just proles in his eyes. We don’t produce ideas; we just consume them: so here’s your book, full of my ideas; move on.

And that’s where the weirdnesses converged and left me disquieted. Lessig is himself now firmly a celebrity as well as a member of the institutional elite. His background — a BA from Penn, an MA from Cambridge, and a JD from YAle — suggests he may have long been a part of the elite. And while I appreciate his willingness to disassemble the current power structures, even his commitment, he’s also part of the problem. He’s a bright guy, perhaps even a brilliant man, but he’s also lucky. Lucky in many, many ways. But like many successful men and women, he seems to have forgotten that luck had anything to do with his success. Saying this does not detract from the hard work any successful person has put in, but it does remind us that for every one lucky soul, there are hundreds or thousands of equally hard working, perhaps working even harder, souls who will not get lucky.

And, dammit, Lessig spent enough time thinking about culture to know this. The simultaneity of so many inventions should have revealed at least that much to him. He should know that luck plays an amazing role in who gets credit for something a lot of people imagined, perhaps even made, but not in front of the right people.

And, too, I think that talking about luck would have been one way to reach his audience better. Love, yes, but luck. We all need to be reminded that “there but for the grace of God, go I.” (The guy from the Ville Platte metal shop who won the first award seemed astonished still by his luck.)

I’m glad the ABiz folks brought Lessig to Lafayette. Their effort was, I hope, not lost, but I think our speaker missed some opportunities to tune his talk to his audience. My sense is that, like a lot of celebrity speakers, there’s a kind of fixity to the talk that to my mind diminishes the public performance of it: in this day and age, one could watch it on YouTube — Lessig said as much during his talk. The purpose of appearing before a live audience, a different audience, for an actual performance is to try to seize the opportunity to connect with them.

That particular failing is not ABiz’s fault. They tried. And perhaps Lessig tried. We all need to do more, I think, to bring in outside perspectives. ABiz is to be commended for trying. Lafayette needs more fresh ideas, more fresh perspectives. We are far too content with congratulating ourselves on what a splendid city we live in, how good the food is, how good life is, how lucky we are to live in a city like Lafayette. We all know people who talk about themselves like that. And we generally avoid them, because either they are narcissists (which Lafayette does seem to love) or they are making up for a whole host of issues (or both) which makes dealing with them more trouble than it’s worth.

Here’s the thing: the outside perspective is already here. It lives among us. As my own work has proven to me, and I hope to others, time and again: there are remarkable engines of creativity and leadership living among us, if we would but give them the time of day, give them some luck.

A Distraction from Distraction

> The latest ripple from the Michael Sam story was the Oprah network’s plan to shoot a “docu-series” about his journey to the NFL, and its subsequent decision to postpone the show to avoid creating any “distractions” for Sam, the Rams, and the NFL. The irony, of course, is that football and its world of 10,000 square foot jumbotrons and gyrating half-naked women on the sideline is America’s favorite distraction. A distraction from a distraction could force all of us to have a more intimate relationship with our social universe.

[Well said, Joshua Neuman.](http://magazine.good.is/articles/the-other-person-who-made-history-when-the-rams-drafted-michael-sam)

The South Is the South

> For instance… let’s take the American “Cold Crusade” against Arabs and Islam. Seen from the perspective of someone who’s not a culturally normative white American and also not an Arab Muslim, this looks like a clear case of being Not So Different at all. In both cases (let’s say, the American South and the Persian Gulf), you’re talking about cultures of fairly poor people, who display a strong cultural preference for rural communities and disdain cities, who tend to build their economies on natural resources and cheap labor, who have strong traditions of hospitality, who have an intense racism in their culture (especially towards their guest-worker populations), who have a low level of average education but a very well-educated elite, who have and support intense inequality, who tend towards religious fundamentalism, who glorify violence, and who tend to restrict the rights of women well beyond what their religion actually calls for.

— on [reddit](http://www.reddit.com/r/TrueReddit/comments/1sz0kl/that_kelly_was_disturbed_by_the_possibility_of/ce2yviq?context=2)

Must Read: A High School Teacher Apologizes

Actually, his apology is addressed to university professors:

> Please do not blame those of us in public schools for how unprepared for higher education the students arriving at your institutions are. We have very little say in what is happening to public education. Even the most distinguished and honored among us have trouble getting our voices heard in the discussion about educational policy. The National Teacher of the Year is supposed to be the representative of America’s teachers—if he or she cannot get teachers’ voices included, imagine how difficult it is for the rest of us. That is why, if you have not seen it, I strongly urge you to read 2009 National Teacher of the Year Anthony Mullen’s famous blog post, “Teachers Should Be Seen and Not Heard.”

The column is great not because it’s an apology but because he gets right to the heart of what is wrong with the current test-centered, everything-is-a-metric mindset that dominates education at all levels — and right when businesses, the smart businesses, are saying they want synthetic, intuitive workers.

[Read it.](http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/answer-sheet/wp/2013/02/09/a-warning-to-college-profs-from-a-high-school-teacher/)

World Population Trends

This [post at Slate][] is for all my conservative friends — and I’m looking at you dad — that have sent me links over the years arguing that the West is doomed because Muslims are outbreeding us by some ratio. It turns out that population growth rates are declining world wide: the populations of China and Russia could be halved in the years to come. So, please, chill out. (Or at least always examine evidence or trends with the biggest possible frame of reference.)

[post at Slate]: http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/future_tense/2013/01/world_population_may_actually_start_declining_not_exploding.single.html

Now Govern!

The election is over. We have a Democratic President and Senate, and a Republican House. There is one and only one conclusion to draw from these results, based not only on this spread but also the spread of votes — that is, most candidates won with only a simply majority of the popular vote, not an overwhelming majority: **no one has a mandate**.

What does that mean? *Compromise*.

That’s right. There’s a little over 500 of you who will shortly be back in our nation’s capitol and you have one and only one job: to govern. Governing a complex democracy made up of many kinds of groups and individuals in a complex global economy likewise constituted means you need to listen, *a lot*, think, *a lot*, and talk amongst yourselves, *respectfully*. Governing doesn’t mean getting your way, my dears. We call that ruling, and it’s done my autocrats and tyrants. Ain’t none of you that. (Though perhaps some of you lean that way.)

What’s the take-away here: govern, motherfuckers, govern. Govern like our damn nation depends upon it. Govern like your political lives depend upon it. Govern like there is only a tomorrow in which you are an insignificant cog in a machine designed to make this nation, and the world in which we find ourselves surrounded, a better, safer, nicer place than it is today.

Korean Anti-Science

Some might find it comforting that the U.S. is not along in having enough of “the crazy” that suppression of science actually happens at the level of public policy. Sadly, that is not the case, as [a recent story in Science magazine](http://news.sciencemag.org/scienceinsider/2012/07/south-korea-to-reconsider-plan.html) details. A Korean creationist group had successfully petitioned the government to drop bird and horse evolution in two textbooks, because they led to “atheist materialism.” Petitions by Korean scientists, however, have forced a re-evaluation of that decision.

On a side note, why is it religious groups blame the rise of “atheist materialism” on scientists and not on the corporate world where it is most obviously, and aggressively practiced? I am particularly, and constantly, surprised by the pro-business attitude of social conservatives in the U.S.A. It makes sense for fiscal conservatives, which used to be the heart of the Republican party, but it makes less sense for social conservatives. It feels like, and please note that I am only saying it “feels” like, a rather straightforward case of propagandistic manipulation by the powers that be.

[→ The Chinese are interested in our vendetta against the Asian carp][1]. In brief, the carp is an escaped import, like the water hydrangea and the nutria rat (both Louisiana examples). Brought here to do one job in one environment, it has escaped that environment and now does what life does: find niches where it succeeds. Unfortunately, it seems better suited to some niches than native species, and it’s throwing off eco-systems. A national-level response has evolved, which is when Chinese netizens became interested.

[1]: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-03-15/chinese-fish-for-meaning-in-u-s-carp-rampage-adam-minter.html

Deathmarch on Mars

I don’t know Warren Ellis’ work, but I like his verve. This _Mother Board_ interview is quite good. His assessment of the political pandering to the current space industry strikes me as the product of a long-time observer who deserves a listen.

The Most Patriotic Thing You Can Do

The most patriotic thing you can do, according to Mark Cuban, is “Make a boatload of money. Pay your taxes. Lots of taxes. Hire people. Train people. Pay people. Spend money on rent, equipment, services. Pay more taxes.”

With rich and successful folks like Warren Buffett and Mark Cuban saying that paying taxes is a sign of success, I wonder what the conservative talking point machines is going to come up with next. Sigh. They will come up with something.